First steps in the LIFE-Lince project


Once the study about potential areas for the reintroduction of the Iberian lynx in the Iberian Peninsulain was conducted in the previous LIFE project (LIFENAT 02/E/8609), we proceeded to the final fine-scale selection of reintroduction areas. During the years 2007 and 2008 field assessments of the potentiality of the three pre-selected areas in Andalusia (Guadalmellato, Guarrizas and Hornachuelos) to hold Iberian lynx populations were conducted . These evaluations included measurements of different variables related to habitat, abundance of resources, potential causes of mortality and the social attitude of local people towards the reintroduction of the Iberian lynx. Thanks to these works, two areas were selected for the final reintroduction of the Iberian lynx in Andalusia: Guadalmellato and Guarrizas (see Report about selection of the reintroduction areas). Once the areas had been selected, the work there focused on habitat improvement, adequation and social awareness. Afterwards, an Iberian lynx reintroduction plan was drewed up , which was developed by the team LIFE-lynx, KORA and the director of captive breeding program. This plan was enhanced and approved in the III Iberian lynx conservation seminar.



A. Reintroduction in Guadalmellato area


After being selected as a priority area, works in Guadalmellato were routed to the signing of cooperation agreements, the monitoring of rabbit populations and habitat improvement measures for the rabbit in specific areas. 


Result of the slective bush clearance to improve rabbit populations Selective bush clearance


Once the actions undertaken habitat management and awareness Guadalmellato, we worked on building the soft infrastructure loose located in Villafranca de Cordoba. The first single began in December 2009 with specimens from wild populations Andújar. In this month released two pairs of adult lynx (Rattle and Diana, and Caberú and Charqueña) and subadults (Elron and Eclipse) on-site soft release area of ??approximately 2 ha. The couples remained in the enclosures during the breeding season and later, between March and April, males were released. This operation was intended to set links between partners that enable females would serve as fasteners males. Secondly, the possibility that mate and one of the females managed to raise a puppy would be a terrific complement to management. At least two of the three females (Charqueña and Eclipse) fell pregnant, but only managed to raise two puppies Charqueña until the age of dispersal. Once released, males explored the area, but none became the nucleus of origin. In March 2010, while beginning the liberation of the male, was released by a female senile last release from Doñana (Mata). The aim was to provide an opportunity for the physically impaired female in an area without competition and increase the presence of lynx in the area as attractive to other potential lynx dispersing Andújar. It was actually kills the people who came to Andujar, but later returned to Guadalmellato. Females were released in July 2010.


Release of Elron by April 2010 Foto-trapping image of the Charqueña cubs in October 2010

Following the release of the females there was a period of exploration of the land and territorial adjustment between individuals. During the second half of 2010 were lost duplicate, Cascabel, who died of unknown causes, and Guarrizas (Charqueña female puppy and Caberú), who was killed. Cassandra, a senile female dispersal from Andújar, was detected in Guadalmellato for a while, but then stopped detected in the area. In February 2011 the incorporation was detected in the population of a specimen from Cardeña. This is the female Flavia, the daughter of Candy and litter sister of the male Floreal, copy that was transferred from Sierra Morena to Doñana.

In March 2011, the female was found dead Charqueña by poaching, particularly for stocks. This tragic incident was a setback for re-entry, but mortality during the first year and a half is moving within the range expected. In March 2011, has begun a new release of individuals from Andújar. We have selected five individuals to be released by Loose Guadalmellato hard (as shown in the conclusions of the Fourth Seminar on Conservation of the Iberian lynx): three males (Gael, Galán and Gaia) and two females (Gomera and Gitana) of cohort of 2010. Gael and Galán were released in Guadalmellato on 24 March, and now they're making exploratory movements in the area.


Abstrat table showing the evolution of the reintroduction in Guadalmellato:


Date Event Individual name Born Sex # individuals in Guadalmellato
14-Dec-2009 Release
2006 Female 1
14-Dec-2009 Release   Caberú 2006  Male 2
18-Dec-2009 Release   Cascabel 2006  Male 3
18-Dec-2009 Release   Diana  2007  Female 4
21-Dec-2009 Release   Elron 2008  Male 5
21-Dec-2009 Release   Eclipse 2008 Female 6
08-Mar-2010 Release   Mata 2001 Female 7
April 2010 Born   Guadalmellato 2010 Male 8
April 2010 Born   Guarrizas 2010 Female 9
31-Aug-2010 Death   Cascabel 2006 Male 8
30-Nov-2010 Death   Guarrizas 2010 Female 7
February 2011 Inmigration   Flavia 2009 Female 8
11-Mar-2011 Death   Charqueña 2006 Female 7
24-Mar-2011 Release   Galán 2010 Male 8
24-Mar-2011 Release   Gael 2010  Male 9
06-Apr-2011 Release   Gomera 2010 Female 10
06-Apr-2011 Release   Gitana 2010 Female 11
08-Apr-2011 Release   Gaia 2010 Male 12
April 2011 Born   Huertezuela 2011 Female 13
April 2011 Born   Heredilla 2011 Female 14
April 2011 Born   Horcajuelo 2011 Female  15
April 2011 Born   Higuerón 2011  Female 16
April 2011 Born   Halcón 2011  Female 17
April 2011 Born   Helvia 2011  Male 18
April 2011 Born   Huraño 2011  Female 19
09-Jan-2012 Release    Hispano* 2011 Male  20
09-Jan-2012 Release   Hulla* 2011 Female 21
09-Jan-2012 Release   Hierba* 2011 Female 22
12-Jan-2012 Death  Galán 2010 Male 21
06-Feb-2012 Release   Heura* 2011 Male 22
06-Feb-2012 Release   Hilmice* 2011 Male 23
06-Feb-2012 Release   Heno* 2011 Female 24
 24-Feb-2012 Death   Guadalmellato 2010 Male 23
 March-2012 Born   Jengibre 2012 Male 24
 March-2012 Born   Jódar 2012 Female 25
 March-2012 Born   Jolgorio 2012 Male 26
 March-2012 Born   Jabón 2012 Male 27
 March-2012 Born   Jamón 2012 Male 28
 March-2012 Born   J3-Gomera 2012 Unk. 29
17-Apr-2012 Release   Híades* 2011 Female 30
14-05-2012 Death   Híades* 2011 Female 29
28-May-2012  Death   Hispano* 2011 Male  28
 18-July-2012 Death   Diana 2007 Female  27
 18-Sep-2012 Death   Heno* 2011 Male  26
31-Oct-2012 Death   Hierba* 2011 Female 25
01-Mar-2013 Death   Himilce* 2011 Female 24

*Comming from the captive breeding program 


GPS-locations of all radio-tagged Iberian lynx in Guadalmellato between April and June 2011 


B. Reintroduction in Guarrizas area


After tuning Reintroduction Area Guarrizas River Valley by establishing cooperation agreements with the ownership, management measures aimed at improving habitat for the rabbit and the construction of 2 pens presuelta was carried out last December 4th release of 5 examples of the Iberian lynx (see Gato Clavo 33). Specifically, a pair of adults from the population Andújar: Eva and Íbero, and 3 individuals of approximately 8-9 months of age: Granadilla, Grazalema (2 females from the Captive Breeding Centre "The Olivilla") and Granizo, a captured wild male in the population of western Sierra Morena. They all have adapted very positive has been observed in recent weeks, in the case of adults, mating behavior clear.

Releasing Granadilla on December, 4th, 2010 Releasing Íbero on December, 4th, 2010


In juveniles, including social behavior as well as exploration, hunting or flight in the presence of humans seem optimal. These have been specifically evaluated in captive females from giving, a priori, a good adaptation and its possible survival in the environment once released from the pre-release pens. Therefore, since last February 14 the 3 juveniles free fields in this valley.

Following the release of presuelta enclosures on 14 February, the 3 juveniles of the Iberian lynx: Grazalema, Granadilla and Granizo are settled in the area of ??reintroduction. While the male is just over 3 km away from the fence of presuelta (blue lines map), females have been allowed to see the whole area north and east of the reintroduction area. Grazalema to be released began to move eastward away 16 km straight line from the release point (red lines on map). He is currently settled north of Navas de San Juan in an area where high densities of rabbits and Nuria, a female Andújar population is settled in this area in a natural way for about a year and a half, spent time before finally settling in southern arches. Granadilla (green lines) but remains in the vicinity of the fence has made two incursions into the North always away around 10 km as the crow flies from the release point. Hail territory currently shares having photographed both in the Supplementary Feeding Fencing fencing still remains active. As the pair of adults, March 12 proceeded to the release of Ibero it was found that the female is in an advanced state of pregnancy to avoid future negative interactions with pups.


Abstract table showing the evolution of the reintroduction in Guarrizas:


Date Event Individual name Born Sex # individuals in Guarrizas
July 2009 Inmigration
Unknown Female 1
04-12-2010 Release   Íbero Unknown Male 2
04-12-2010 Release   Eva 2008 Female 3
04-12-2010 Release   Granadilla* 2010 Female 4
04-12-2010 Release   Granizo 2010 Male 5
04-12-2010 Release   Grazalema* 2010 Female 6
16-08-2011 Death   Grazalema* 2010 Female 5
17-01-2011 Release   Higuera* 2011 Female 6
17-01-2011 Release   Higo* 2011 Male 7
17-01-2011 Release   Halimio* 2011 Male 8
17-01-2011 Release   Hiera* 2011 Female 9
22-02-2012 Release   Hidalgo* 2011 Male 10
22-02-2012 Release   Helecho* 2011 Male 11
24-03-2012 Release   Hyla 2011 Female 12
March 2012 Born   Juna 2012 Female 13
March 2012  Born   Justicia 2012 Female 14
March 2012 Born   Jólmen 2012 Male 15
March 2012 Born   Janiel 2012 Male 16
March 2012 Born   Jobo 2012 Male 17
March 2012 Born   Jaramillo 2012 Male 18
March 2012 Born   Jabato/a 2012 Unk. 19
March 2012 Born   Javana 2012 Female 20
12-04-2012 Release   Hispania* 2011 Female 21
12-04-2012 Release   Huelva* 2011 Female 22
12-06-2012 Death   Higo* 2011 Female 21
23-05-2012 Death   Hiera* 2011 Female 20
23-02-2013 Death   Helecho* 2011 Male 19

 *Comming from the captive breeding program


GPS-locations of the individuals released in Guarrizas reintroduction area






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