Background of the LIFE-lince project
Lynx LIFE Project "Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardina) Conservation Actions" (1994-1999)
This was the first LIFE Project in Spain for lynx conservation in which autonomous communities where lynx are present participated. Those in charge of executing the project and the recipients of the financial support were: The Community of Madrid, Environmental Agency; The High Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Do–ana Biological Station; The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA) -- Department of Rural Development and Nature Conservation; The local government of Andalusia, Environment Agency; The local government of Castile-Leon, Department of the Environment and Land Zoning; The government of the Communities of Castile La Mancha, Department of Agriculture and Environment and The local government of Extremadura, Department of the Environment.
The actions centered on monitoring and tracking the lynx's areas to improve knowledge about the lynx populations, their risks and threats. As well as controlling and preventing non natural mortality.
In late 1996, the "Living with the Lynx" Awareness Campaign and school drawing and essay contests were begun. A Student Notebook was designed, as wells as a leaflet geared toward hunters, posters, stickers and travelling bus exhibition.
Lynx LIFE Project "Recovering Iberian lynx populations (Lynx pardinus) in Andalusia," (2002-2006)
By 2002, the Life Project "Recovery of Iberian lynx populations in Andalusia” was approved. It was estimated that fewer than 200 Iberian lynxes were left in the world, divided into two viable populations: Doñana (Huelva and Seville) and Sierra Morena (Córdoba and Jaén).
The Andalusian Regional Ministry of Environment, as the beneficiary of Life Project, promoted a series of initiatives that were aimed at the recovery of the lynx's natural habitat, minimize non-natural mortality, and monitoring the evolution of lynx and rabbit populations.
Upon completion of this project, a minimum increase of 49% in individuals and of 32% in number of territories, were achieved. The surface of the distribution area increased by 73%. This development is directly related to all actions of habitat improvement, increase in prey populations, actions to eliminate non-natural mortality, monitoring, etc. executed during the project. This success was mirrored in a higher birth rate and reduction of non-natural mortality of the species.
yielded the following results:
- evolution of the population (No. of cubs per year)
Final conclusion in 2006: The species continues to be in a critical situation, with a sustained increase detected in the number of territories and cubs in the Andujar-Cardeña population, and stabilisation in the area of Doñana.